As we can see that technology is changing drastically after every year, and there is a growing need of good programmers. From IOT to the Cloud, this emerging decade will continuously demand experienced professionals to develop enterprise applications.

To cope with the changes in Industry, you should know which are the most resourceful languages currently in use. As there are more than 700 programming languages in the world, only a few are actually in use by most of the community.

Coding Infinity have prepared two tables which summarize the popularity trend of Programming Languages in the last five years (2015-19). The data was taken from Stackoverflow popularity survey 2015-19.

Observations shows that there is a decrease in the popularity of all languages from 2018 to 2019 (except Python). Python is the only language continuously on rising since last five years. Java was on rising but fall in 2019, the reason could Kotlin gaining popularity on the Android platform. JavaScript popularity can be attributed to the growth of popular libraries and framework like node.js, etc. React is not actually a programming language, but JavaScript library created by Facebook to help building UI components.  Kotlin is being offered as an alternative of Java for Android development and again it is supported and promoted by Google. 

So, the important question arise is that which Programming language have the highest scope in future and why you should learn it. So, to help you choose, here is my list of 5 Top Programming Languages to Learn in 2020:

1. Python

Python is a multi purpose Programming Language, mostly used for web development and data analysis.

With Python, data analysis becomes so easy that you can build a neural network or machine learning model without knowing the algorithm and mathematics behind it. Python is the most common Programming Language among the beginners and advance Programmers because of its easy to read syntax.

Reasons to Learn Python

  • Python is the easiest Programming Language to learn. Whether you are a beginner or intermediate Programmer, it doesn’t matter.
  • Programming in Python will be a piece of cake for you. Even person with a non-IT background can also easily read the syntax of Python code and explain the working of it. That is the reason why Python is the favorite Programming Language of majority of programmers.
  • There are many framework and libraries available for Python. This makes the Programming much easier, as you don’t have to create things from scratch. You can directly call that particular library or framework which you want to use, by which the process of software development become fast and easy.

2. JavaScript

JavaScript is the most popular and omnipresent language in the web, used for both front end but back end.

Nowadays, JavaScript is heavily used in Machine Learning, Application Development and Game Development as well. There are number of libraries available in JavaScript which makes development very easy.

Reasons to Learn JavaScript

  • JavaScript is the omnipresent Programming Language in the Internet. Every single website you see in Internet is using JavaScript. Even browser are also built with JavaScript. That’s why JavaScript is the standard Programming Language of web.
  • There is the abundance of Jobs available for JavaScript Developer. When it comes to Job opportunities, JavaScript is one of the most demanding Programming Language.
  • There is a huge community support for JavaScript. So, you will get plenty of free online tutorials to learn JavaScript.

3. Java

Java is THE object oriented Programming Language, heavily used for Enterprise Software and Android Development.

Java is common for server side scripting as well as for Application or Software Development. Java is completely object oriented programming language. So, if you want to deep dive into object oriented programming and nourish your skills , Java is best for you.

Reasons to Learn Java

  • Java is a versatile Programming Language. It is the most popular language for Android Development, but also heavily used for Web and Desktop application development.
  • It is a multi-purpose Programming Language, so it depends on you for which platform you want to use it.
  • Java is API rich Programming Language. So, there will be abundance of API’s available for you, when you program in Java.

4. React

Despite competition from Vue.js and Angular, this Facebook framework is proving developers’ go-to choice for building exciting web applications.

Whether you’re a developer looking to upskill, or a business leader looking to improve your digital offering, there’s a tonne of reasons to learn React.

Reasons to learn React

  • React uses declarative instead of imperative syntax. It’s a simpler way of developing apps, and you can learn why here. It is faster to develop with because you don’t need to tell the app how to represent the state — you just need to say what you’d like to happen.
  • React Native makes app development easier. Once you understand the basic architecture and thinking behind React, you’ll be able to develop fully functioning apps for both Android and iOS. You won’t have to learn two different ways to represent your app. So after you learn React, you can bring your new product to users not just as quickly as possible, but as widely as possible.
  • React has a massive community of dedicated developers. They help to maintain and grow the open-source library, with everyone able to contribute their own components to the library.

5. Kotlyn

Kotlin is a cross-platform, statically typed, general-purpose programming language with type inference. Kotlin is designed to interoperate fully with Java. 

Various companies, such as Pinterest, Netflix, and Capital One have embraced Kotlin in their tech stacks. And ever since Google announced official support for Kotlin for Android development, there has been a huge surge of interest in the language. The language is new, and growing fast.

Reasons to learn Kotlyn

  • You can use it with existing Java libraries. Kotlin is 100% interoperable with Java, so apps you’ve already built can be migrated to Kotlin incrementally. Extension functions give you a way to add functionality to existing classes without a full rewrite to Kotlin, so you can take advantage of Kotlin’s powerful features without having to abandon all your Java skills.
  • Kotlin experience is in demand. The Realm Report declared that 2019 was “the year of Kotlin.” The study finds that 20% of the apps built in Java before Google I/O 2017 are now built in Kotlin. This surge in use is reflected in the growing call from companies for developers with Kotlin skills.
  • You’ll develop projects faster. Kotlin requires fewer lines of code to do the same things as other programming languages. It is an inherently concise language, so can solve many common development problems with just a few lines of code.
Categories: BlogTech-Tips

Bruno Grange

A software passionate and enthusiast coder. More at grange.com.br